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print.cpp

/**************************************************************
 * Original:
 * Patrick Powell Tue Apr 11 09:48:21 PDT 1995
 * A bombproof version of doprnt(dopr) included.
 * Sigh.  This sort of thing is always nasty do deal with.  Note that
 * the version here does not include floating point...
 *
 * snprintf() is used instead of sprintf() as it does limit checks
 * for string length.  This covers a nasty loophole.
 *
 * The other functions are there to prevent NULL pointers from
 * causing nast effects.
 *
 * More Recently:
 *  Brandon Long <blong@fiction.net> 9/15/96 for mutt 0.43
 *  This was ugly.  It is still ugly.  I opted out of floating point
 *  numbers, but the formatter understands just about everything
 *  from the normal C string format, at least as far as I can tell from
 *  the Solaris 2.5 printf(3S) man page.
 *
 *  Brandon Long <blong@fiction.net> 10/22/97 for mutt 0.87.1
 *    Ok, added some minimal floating point support, which means this
 *    probably requires libm on most operating systems.      Don't yet
 *    support the exponent(e, E) and sigfig(g, G).  Also, fmtint()
 *    was pretty badly broken, it just wasn't being exercised in ways
 *    which showed it, so that's been fixed.  Also, formated the code
 *    to mutt conventions, and removed dead code left over from the
 *    original.    Also, there is now a builtin-test, just compile with:
 *         gcc -DTEST_SNPRINTF -o snprintf snprintf.c -lm
 *    and run snprintf for results.
 * 
 *  Thomas Roessler <roessler@guug.de> 01/27/98 for mutt 0.89i
 *    The PGP code was using unsigned hexadecimal formats. 
 *    Unfortunately, unsigned formats simply didn't work.
 *
 *  Michael Elkins <me@cs.hmc.edu> 03/05/98 for mutt 0.90.8
 *    The original code assumed that both snprintf() and vsnprintf() were
 *    missing.    Some systems only have snprintf() but not vsnprintf(), so
 *    the code is now broken down under HAVE_SNPRINTF and HAVE_VSNPRINTF.
 *
 *  Ben Lindstrom <mouring@eviladmin.org> 09/27/00 for OpenSSH
 *    Welcome to the world of %lld and %qd support.  With other
 *    long long support.  This is needed for sftp-server to work
 *    right.
 *
 *  Ben Lindstrom <mouring@eviladmin.org> 02/12/01 for OpenSSH
 *    Removed all hint of VARARGS stuff and banished it to the void, 
 *    and did a bit of KNF style work to make things a bit more
 *    acceptable.  Consider stealing from mutt or enlightenment.
 **************************************************************/

#include "compat.h"

typedef void (prfun)(char *, size_t *, size_t, int);

int 
dopr(char *buffer, size_t maxlen, const char *format, va_list args, prfun);


static void 
fmtstr(char *buffer, size_t *currlen, size_t maxlen, char *value, int flags, 
       int min, int max, prfun);

static void 
fmtint(char *buffer, size_t *currlen, size_t maxlen, INT64 value, int base, 
       int min, int max, int flags, prfun);

static void 
fmtfp(char *buffer, size_t *currlen, size_t maxlen, long double fvalue, 
      int min, int max, int flags, prfun);

static void
dopr_outch(char *buffer, size_t *currlen, size_t maxlen, int c);

/*
 * dopr(): poor man's version of doprintf
 */

#define MAX(a,b) ((a)>(b)?(a):(b))

/* format read states */
#define DP_S_DEFAULT 0
#define DP_S_FLAGS   1
#define DP_S_MIN     2
#define DP_S_DOT     3
#define DP_S_MAX     4
#define DP_S_MOD     5
#define DP_S_CONV    6
#define DP_S_DONE    7

/* format flags - Bits */
#define DP_F_MINUS      (1 << 0)
#define DP_F_PLUS (1 << 1)
#define DP_F_SPACE      (1 << 2)
#define DP_F_NUM  (1 << 3)
#define DP_F_ZERO (1 << 4)
#define DP_F_UP         (1 << 5)
#define DP_F_UNSIGNED   (1 << 6)

/* Conversion Flags */
#define DP_C_SHORT     1
#define DP_C_LONG      2
#define DP_C_LDOUBLE   3
#define DP_C_LONG_LONG 4

#define char_to_int(p)  (p - '0')
#define abs_val(p)      (p < 0 ? -p : p)

static const char digitval[] = "0123456789abcdef0123456789ABCDEF";

int
dopr(char *buffer, size_t maxlen, const char *format, va_list args, prfun outch)
{
    char *strvalue;
    char ch;
    INT64 value;
    long double fvalue;
    int min = 0;
    int max = -1;
    int state = DP_S_DEFAULT;
    int flags = 0;
    int cflags = 0;
    size_t currlen = 0;
  
    ch = *format++;

    while (state != DP_S_DONE)
    {
      if ((ch == '\0') || (currlen >= maxlen)) 
          state = DP_S_DONE;

      switch (state)
      {
      case DP_S_DEFAULT:
          if (ch == '%') 
            state = DP_S_FLAGS;
          else 
            outch(buffer, &currlen, maxlen, ch);
          ch = *format++;
          break;
      case DP_S_FLAGS:
          switch (ch)
          {
          case '-':
            flags |= DP_F_MINUS;
            ch = *format++;
            break;
          case '+':
            flags |= DP_F_PLUS;
            ch = *format++;
            break;
          case ' ':
            flags |= DP_F_SPACE;
            ch = *format++;
            break;
          case '#':
            flags |= DP_F_NUM;
            ch = *format++;
            break;
          case '0':
            flags |= DP_F_ZERO;
            ch = *format++;
            break;
          default:
            state = DP_S_MIN;
            break;
          }
          break;
      case DP_S_MIN:
          if (isdigit((unsigned char)ch))
          {
            min = 10*min + char_to_int(ch);
            ch = *format++;
          }
          else if (ch == '*')
          {
            min = va_arg(args, int);
            ch = *format++;
            state = DP_S_DOT;
          }
          else 
            state = DP_S_DOT;
          break;
      case DP_S_DOT:
          if (ch == '.')
          {
            state = DP_S_MAX;
            ch = *format++;
          }
          else 
            state = DP_S_MOD;
          break;
      case DP_S_MAX:
          if (isdigit((unsigned char)ch))
          {
            if (max < 0)
                max = 0;
            max = 10*max + char_to_int(ch);
            ch = *format++;
          }
          else if (ch == '*')
          {
            max = va_arg(args, int);
            ch = *format++;
            state = DP_S_MOD;
          }
          else 
            state = DP_S_MOD;
          break;
      case DP_S_MOD:
          switch (ch)
          {
          case 'h':
            cflags = DP_C_SHORT;
            ch = *format++;
            break;
          case 'l':
            cflags = DP_C_LONG;
            ch = *format++;
            if (ch == 'l')
            {
                cflags = DP_C_LONG_LONG;
                ch = *format++;
            }
            break;
          case 'q':
            cflags = DP_C_LONG_LONG;
            ch = *format++;
            break;
          case 'L':
            cflags = DP_C_LDOUBLE;
            ch = *format++;
            break;
          default:
            break;
          }
          state = DP_S_CONV;
          break;
      case DP_S_CONV:
          switch (ch)
          {
          case 'b':
            flags |= DP_F_UNSIGNED;
            if (cflags == DP_C_SHORT) 
                value = va_arg(args, unsigned int);
            else if (cflags == DP_C_LONG)
                value = va_arg(args, unsigned long int);
            else if (cflags == DP_C_LONG_LONG)
                value = va_arg(args, UINT64);
            else
                value = va_arg(args, unsigned int);
            fmtint(buffer, &currlen, maxlen, value, 2, min, max, flags, outch);
            break;
          case 'd':
          case 'i':
            if (cflags == DP_C_SHORT) 
                value = va_arg(args, int);
            else if (cflags == DP_C_LONG)
                value = va_arg(args, long int);
            else if (cflags == DP_C_LONG_LONG)
                value = va_arg(args, INT64);
            else
                value = va_arg(args, int);
            fmtint(buffer, &currlen, maxlen, value, 10, min, max, flags, outch);
            break;
          case 'o':
            flags |= DP_F_UNSIGNED;
            if (cflags == DP_C_SHORT)
                value = va_arg(args, unsigned int);
            else if (cflags == DP_C_LONG)
                value = va_arg(args, unsigned long int);
            else if (cflags == DP_C_LONG_LONG)
                value = va_arg(args, UINT64);
            else
                value = va_arg(args, unsigned int);
            fmtint(buffer, &currlen, maxlen, value, 8, min, max, flags, outch);
            break;
          case 'u':
            flags |= DP_F_UNSIGNED;
            if (cflags == DP_C_SHORT)
                value = va_arg(args, unsigned int);
            else if (cflags == DP_C_LONG)
                value = va_arg(args, unsigned long int);
            else if (cflags == DP_C_LONG_LONG)
                value = va_arg(args, UINT64);
            else
                value = va_arg(args, unsigned int);
            fmtint(buffer, &currlen, maxlen, value, 10, min, max, flags, outch);
            break;
          case 'X':
            flags |= DP_F_UP;
          case 'x':
            flags |= DP_F_UNSIGNED;
            if (cflags == DP_C_SHORT)
                value = va_arg(args, unsigned int);
            else if (cflags == DP_C_LONG)
                value = va_arg(args, unsigned long int);
            else if (cflags == DP_C_LONG_LONG)
                value = va_arg(args, UINT64);
            else
                value = va_arg(args, unsigned int);
            fmtint(buffer, &currlen, maxlen, value, 16, min, max, flags, outch);
            break;
          case 'f':
            if (cflags == DP_C_LDOUBLE)
                fvalue = va_arg(args, long double);
            else
                fvalue = va_arg(args, double);
            /* um, floating point? */
            fmtfp(buffer, &currlen, maxlen, fvalue, min, max, flags, outch);
            break;
          case 'E':
            flags |= DP_F_UP;
          case 'e':
            if (cflags == DP_C_LDOUBLE)
                fvalue = va_arg(args, long double);
            else
                fvalue = va_arg(args, double);
            break;
          case 'G':
            flags |= DP_F_UP;
          case 'g':
            if (cflags == DP_C_LDOUBLE)
                fvalue = va_arg(args, long double);
            else
                fvalue = va_arg(args, double);
            break;
          case 'c':
            outch(buffer, &currlen, maxlen, va_arg(args, int));
            break;
          case 's':
            strvalue = va_arg(args, char *);
            if (max < 0) 
                max = maxlen; /* ie, no max */
            fmtstr(buffer, &currlen, maxlen, strvalue, flags, min, max, outch);
            break;
          case 'p':
            strvalue = (char *) va_arg(args, void *);
            flags |= DP_F_UNSIGNED;
            fmtint(buffer, &currlen, maxlen, (long) strvalue, 16, min, max,
                   flags, outch);
            break;
          case 'n':
            if (cflags == DP_C_SHORT)
            {
                short int *num;
                num = va_arg(args, short int *);
                *num = currlen;
            }
            else if (cflags == DP_C_LONG)
            {
                long int *num;
                num = va_arg(args, long int *);
                *num = currlen;
            }
            else if (cflags == DP_C_LONG_LONG)
            {
                INT64 *num;
                num = va_arg(args, INT64 *);
                *num = currlen;
            }
            else
            {
                int *num;
                num = va_arg(args, int *);
                *num = currlen;
            }
            break;
          case '%':
            outch(buffer, &currlen, maxlen, ch);
            break;
          case 'w': /* not supported yet, treat as next char */
            ch = *format++;
            break;
          default: /* Unknown, skip */
            break;
          }
          ch = *format++;
          state = DP_S_DEFAULT;
          flags = cflags = min = 0;
          max = -1;
          break;
      case DP_S_DONE:
          break;
      default: /* hmm? */
          break; /* some picky compilers need this */
      }
    }
    outch(buffer, &currlen, maxlen, -1);
    return currlen;
}

static void
fmtstr(char *buffer, size_t *currlen, size_t maxlen, 
       char *value, int flags, int min, int max, prfun outch)
{
    int padlen, strln;     /* amount to pad */
    int cnt = 0;
  
    if (value == NULL) 
      value = "<NULL>";

    for (strln = 0; value[strln]; ++strln); /* strlen */
    padlen = min - strln;
    if (padlen < 0) 
      padlen = 0;
    if (flags & DP_F_MINUS) 
      padlen = -padlen; /* Left Justify */

    while ((padlen > 0) && (cnt < max))
    {
      outch(buffer, currlen, maxlen, ' ');
      --padlen;
      ++cnt;
    }
    while (*value && (cnt < max))
    {
      outch(buffer, currlen, maxlen, *value++);
      ++cnt;
    }
    while ((padlen < 0) && (cnt < max))
    {
      outch(buffer, currlen, maxlen, ' ');
      ++padlen;
      ++cnt;
    }
}

/* Have to handle DP_F_NUM(ie 0x and 0 alternates) */

static void 
fmtint(char *buffer, size_t *currlen, size_t maxlen, 
       INT64 value, int base, int min, int max, int flags, prfun outch)
{
    UINT64 uvalue;
    char convert[20];
    int signvalue = 0;
    int place = 0;
    int spadlen = 0; /* amount to space pad */
    int zpadlen = 0; /* amount to zero pad */
    int caps = 0;
    
    if (max < 0)
      max = 0;
    
    uvalue = value;

    if (!(flags & DP_F_UNSIGNED))
    {
      if (value < 0)
      {
          signvalue = '-';
          uvalue = -value;
      }
      else if (flags & DP_F_PLUS)  /* Do a sign(+/i) */
          signvalue = '+';
      else if (flags & DP_F_SPACE)
          signvalue = ' ';
    }
  
    if (flags & DP_F_UP) 
      caps = 16; /* Should characters be upper case? */

    do
    {
      convert[place++] = digitval[(uvalue%base)+caps];
      uvalue = (uvalue / (unsigned)base);
    } while (uvalue && (place < 20));

    if (place == 20) 
      place--;

    convert[place] = 0;

    zpadlen = max - place;
    spadlen = min - MAX(max, place) - (signvalue ? 1 : 0);

    if (zpadlen < 0)
      zpadlen = 0;
    if (spadlen < 0)
      spadlen = 0;
    if (flags & DP_F_ZERO)
    {
      zpadlen = MAX(zpadlen, spadlen);
      spadlen = 0;
    }
    if (flags & DP_F_MINUS) 
      spadlen = -spadlen; /* Left Justifty */


    /* Spaces */
    while (spadlen > 0)
    {
      outch(buffer, currlen, maxlen, ' ');
      --spadlen;
    }

    /* Sign */
    if (signvalue) 
      outch(buffer, currlen, maxlen, signvalue);

    /* Zeros */
    if (zpadlen > 0)
    {
      while (zpadlen > 0)
      {
          outch(buffer, currlen, maxlen, '0');
          --zpadlen;
      }
    }

    /* Digits */
    while (place > 0) 
      outch(buffer, currlen, maxlen, convert[--place]);
  
    /* Left Justified spaces */
    while (spadlen < 0)
    {
      outch(buffer, currlen, maxlen, ' ');
      ++spadlen;
    }
}

static long double 
pow10(int exp)
{
    long double result = 1;

    while (exp)
    {
      result *= 10;
      exp--;
    }
  
    return result;
}

static long 
round(long double value)
{
    long intpart = (long)value;

    value -= intpart;
    if (value >= 0.5)
      intpart++;

    return intpart;
}

static void 
fmtfp(char *buffer, size_t *currlen, size_t maxlen, long double fvalue, 
      int min, int max, int flags, prfun outch)
{
    char iconvert[20];
    char fconvert[20];
    int signvalue = 0;
    int iplace = 0;
    int fplace = 0;
    int padlen = 0; /* amount to pad */
    int zpadlen = 0; 
    long intpart;
    long fracpart;
    long double ufvalue;
  
    /* 
     * AIX manpage says the default is 0, but Solaris says the default
     * is 6, and sprintf on AIX defaults to 6
     */
    if (max < 0)
      max = 6;

    ufvalue = abs_val(fvalue);

    if (fvalue < 0)
      signvalue = '-';
    else if (flags & DP_F_PLUS)      /* Do a sign(+/i) */
      signvalue = '+';
    else if (flags & DP_F_SPACE)
      signvalue = ' ';

    intpart = (long)ufvalue;

    /* 
     * Sorry, we only support 9 digits past the decimal because of our 
     * conversion method
     */
    if (max > 9)
      max = 9;

    /* We "cheat" by converting the fractional part to integer by
     * multiplying by a factor of 10
     */
    fracpart = round((pow10 (max)) * (ufvalue - intpart));

    if (fracpart >= pow10 (max))
    {
      intpart++;
      fracpart -= (long)pow10 (max);
    }

    /* Convert integer part */
    do
    {
      iconvert[iplace++] = digitval[intpart % 10];
      intpart = (intpart / 10);
    } while (intpart && (iplace < 20));

    if (iplace == 20) 
      iplace--;

    iconvert[iplace] = 0;

    /* Convert fractional part */
    do
    {
      fconvert[fplace++] = digitval[fracpart % 10];
      fracpart = (fracpart / 10);
    } while (fracpart && (fplace < 20));

    if (fplace == 20) 
      fplace--;

    fconvert[fplace] = 0;

    /* -1 for decimal point, another -1 if we are printing a sign */
    padlen = min - iplace - max - 1 - ((signvalue) ? 1 : 0); 
    zpadlen = max - fplace;
    if (zpadlen < 0)
      zpadlen = 0;
    if (padlen < 0) 
      padlen = 0;
    if (flags & DP_F_MINUS) 
      padlen = -padlen; /* Left Justifty */

    if ((flags & DP_F_ZERO) && (padlen > 0))
    {
      if (signvalue)
      {
          outch(buffer, currlen, maxlen, signvalue);
          --padlen;
          signvalue = 0;
      }
      while (padlen > 0)
      {
          outch(buffer, currlen, maxlen, '0');
          --padlen;
      }
    }

    while (padlen > 0)
    {
      outch(buffer, currlen, maxlen, ' ');
      --padlen;
    }

    if (signvalue) 
      outch(buffer, currlen, maxlen, signvalue);

    while (iplace > 0) 
      outch(buffer, currlen, maxlen, iconvert[--iplace]);

    /*
     * Decimal point.  This should probably use locale to find the correct
     * char to print out.
     */
    outch(buffer, currlen, maxlen, '.');

    while (fplace > 0) 
      outch(buffer, currlen, maxlen, fconvert[--fplace]);

    while (zpadlen > 0)
    {
      outch(buffer, currlen, maxlen, '0');
      --zpadlen;
    }

    while (padlen < 0)
    {
      outch(buffer, currlen, maxlen, ' ');
      ++padlen;
    }
}

static void 
dopr_outch(char *buffer, size_t *currlen, size_t maxlen, int c)
{
    if (c == -1)
    {
      if (*currlen < maxlen - 1) 
          buffer[*currlen] = '\0';
      else 
          buffer[maxlen - 1] = '\0';
    }
    else if (*currlen < maxlen)
      buffer[(*currlen)++] = c;
}

int
__sprintf(char *str, const char *fmt, ...) 
{
    int rval;
    va_list ap;
    va_start(ap, fmt);
    rval = vsnprintf(str, 128*1024, fmt, ap);
    va_end(ap);
    return rval;
}


int 
__snprintf(char *str, size_t count, const char *fmt, ...)
{
    int rval;
    va_list ap;

    va_start(ap, fmt);
    rval = vsnprintf(str, count, fmt, ap);
    va_end(ap);

    return rval;
}

int
__vsprintf(char *s, const char *format, va_list args)
{
    s[0] = 0;
    return dopr(s, 0xfffff, format, args, dopr_outch);
}

int
__vsnprintf(char *s, size_t count, const char *format, va_list args)
{
    s[0] = 0;
    return dopr(s, count, format, args, dopr_outch);
}


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